Most people think power napping is only for kindergarten kids. But no, napping is for everyone. Children, youths, and adults require power naps. It is healthy and good for the brain. Power napping is more like rebooting the brain as we do to our computers. In general, a power nap will restore your wakefulness and positively enhance your performance.
What is a power nap?
A power nap is a short rest that you take to break your work routine. It is intended to re-energize you and make you fresh for more productivity. Power naps come before the deep sleep and can be positively used to supplement regular sleep. This is why most companies are adopting naps as part of their ethos.
Napping also boosts your intelligence and creativity. It is also said to be able to enhance a prolonged healthy life. Many people have been critical about naps in the past, but it has been proved that naps are good and healthy. Our bodies require naps to treat sleep deprivation. Evolution, growth processes, and brain health may explain this.
What are the sleep cycles?
Most of us go to bed only when tired. But have you taken your time to know what happens when you lay on your bed? Well, that is where the sleep cycle sets in. Once you sleep, you experience a 90-120 minute sleep cycle. The sleep cycle is broken down into five distinct stages. As you sleep, the sleeping pattern keeps shifting. So, sleep is just complicated. It is not what most people think it to be, falling asleep and waking up after some time.
In the first four stages of sleep, there are non-rapid eye movements described as the NREM stage. Here, the eyes rarely move and you shift from stage 1 to stage 4 within a short time. All body muscles, however, retain their body functional ability.
This is how the five stages of a 90-minute sleep cycle are distributed.
In this stage of sleep, your body muscle activity slows down, and you turn around in bed. It takes a few seconds to doze off. It lasts only up to 7 minutes and you can be easily woken up by the least distraction.
Sleep gains momentum. The breathing slows down. Your heartbeat slows too. At this stage, you are a bit sensitive to surrounding stimuli, but heavy sleep starts setting in. There is a sudden increase in production of brain waves. Your body temperature decreases due to less activity in the body organs.
A short sleep stage. It takes only 5 percent of the sleep cycle time. Heavy sleep sets in. You are now less sensitive to any external stimuli. At this stage, your brain starts developing slow delta waves.
This is the last step in the non-rapid eye movement sleep. It takes around 12 to 15 percent of the 90-minute sleep duration. The delta waves produced by the brain in stage three increase and there is rhythmic breathing. At this juncture, you are in a deep sleep. Your body can hardly respond to minor disruptions in the background. In this stage and the previous one, namely stage 3, is when the body repairs muscles and tissues, stimulates growth and development, boosts immune function, and builds up energy for the next day.
This is the last stage in the 90 minutes sleep cycle. Here, you experience Rapid Eye Movements (REM). This is why it is popularly referred to as REM sleep. The eyes move rapidly, up, down, and sideways. It takes the second largest duration of sleep in the cycle, after stage 2. The blood pressure increases with fast and shallow breathing.
In this final stage, the brain delta waves become more rapid leading to dreaming. It has been said that rapid eye movements are the causes of visual images during dreams. This is however hypothetic and has not been scientifically proved.
How to Power Nap?
A power nap includes the first two stages of the sleep cycle. Stage one approximately takes 10 minutes with the second one taking about 20. For you to have a perfect power nap, there are some tips to adopt to make it perfect.
1. Find a good spot
You need to find a place appropriate for taking a power nap. It could be on the table, chair, or even in the field under a tree! What is important here is that you must have no disturbance. It is appropriate if the place is dark and cool.
2. Keep the 30 minute maximum duration
You don’t want to exceed stage two in your nap. As such, you are supposed to set your alarm to time your sleep. Once it goes, do not snooze, just obey, and go back to work or studying!
3. Keep away all distracters
Anything that will interrupt your sleep must be shelved. Get rid of your phone. If you are in an office, you can use a “do not disturb” tag on the door. That is perfect for your power nap.
4. Take a nap in the afternoon
Afternoon siestas make the perfect nap. The lunch you consume could have affected your nutritional balance especially if it had a lot of starch. It perfectly fits the purpose!
Taking naps is healthy and beneficial to your health. The brain requires short naps to revitalize. This is why you need to know how to take the most fruitful nap and when to do it. Stay in the know!
Chances are, if you're in a professional job, your workload will get really heavy at times. When this happens, you don't have to feel like you're trapped under an overwhelming pile of tasks and to do lists. You have the choice and the power to speak truth to yourself so that you can strive to accomplish big things at work.
Below are a few pointers to help you come through the crazy, busy times without experiencing burnout:
1. Keep a Positive Outlook
Allowing yourself to think about the difficulty or unfairness of your situation accomplishes nothing. You simply can't afford taking the time to dwell on thoughts that leave you feeling powerless or resentful. Put your effort into solving each problem and make sure your thinking is action-oriented.
2. Don't Engage in Fruitless Conversation
If your conversations or meetings are not directed at keeping you on task and on moving in a positive direction, cut them out. Your time is too valuable to be caught up in complaining or engaging in the blame game. Use your time to brainstorm solutions instead.
3. Put First Things First
Make sure you know your priorities so that you can stay focused on the task. When you're busy, you may be presented with opportunities and potential commitments that you just can't fit into your loaded schedule. When something new comes across your desk, evaluate it's importance in light of your goals and priorities. Don't be afraid to say no up front. Otherwise, you may add stress to your already packed life, and you'll risk letting people down if you don't have enough time to fulfill those obligations.
4. Get Your Rest
You may think that staying up late to get more done will put you further ahead, but the opposite is true. Shorting yourself on sleep is counterproductive. When you make sure to get plenty of rest, you'll be more alert and able to accomplish more. The reality is that when you're tired, it will take much longer to your work done, and you'll be more prone to make costly or time-consuming mistakes.
5. Remember to Share
Sometimes when you're really busy, it's easy to believe that you have to get it all done yourself. When you have the ability to delegate tasks, do it. You may find that people relish the opportunity to step up to the plate and show you what they can do when you come to them with powerful requests. Not only that, but you'll be able to capitalize on the strengths of others and free yourself to focus on the things you do best.
6. Schedule Time to Recharge
You are not a machine. When you have to go through the schedule gauntlet, make sure you plan some time to help you regain your balance. Whether you schedule a short trip, a spa day, or a day at the gym, you need to take time just for you after a busy season. If you try to press from one task to another without coming up for a breath, sooner or later you'll burn out.
7. Aim for Sustainability
Work was not meant to be a series of never-ending sprints. If you want to be productive over the long haul, you need a consistently sustainable work load. There may be seasons of intensity, but they should only last for a short time. When your schedule seems to be consistently overloaded, it's time to talk with people who can help you make some changes.
8. Keep Calm and Carry On
When your workload threatens to become overwhelming, remember to keep the right frame of mind. You can control your outlook and stay positive. By seeing your schedule as an opportunity to shine, you'll be able to remain focused and calm. If the job seems too big, make powerful requests of others to get valuable support.
Two young men from Uttar Pradesh in northern India, is the inspiration behind Disney's recent movie Million Dollar Arm. Singh and Patel participated in a contest organized by J.B. Bernstein intended to find young men who could pitch a baseball more than 90 miles per hour. The contest was presented as a reality show with the aim of finding “the Yao Ming of baseball.” In other words, Bernstein was looking for a talented, young, Asian athlete who could entertain crowds in the United States. Although none of the contestants in the reality show, also called Million Dollar Arm, pitched a baseball more than 90 miles per hour, Rinku Singh and Dinesh Patel performed better than any other contestants, and they were rewarded with $100,000 and contracts to play in baseball's minor leagues for the Pittsburgh Pirates farm teams.
In appearance, Singh and Patel are completely different. Rinku Singh is well above average in height, standing at 6 feet and 5 inches and weighing 220 pounds, while Dinesh Patel is much smaller, standing below 6 feet. What's similar about them both is their constantly positive attitudes. Before Singh and Patel entered the Million Dollar Arm contest, they had never even heard of American baseball, and both men were professional javelin throwers and amateur cricket players. Their cricket coach was the one who told them to try out for the contest, explaining to them that they could get money just for doing what they loved to do. In fact, the inspiration for Bernstein's contest was a cricket game he saw on television while searching for a way to find talented, young athletes.
J.B. Bernstein was once the agent of great athletes such as football player Barry Sanders and baseball player Barry Bonds, but in recent years he had fallen on hard times. In desperation to find an idea that could revive his career, Bernstein created the Million Dollar Arm contest, which certainly revived his career as well as beginning the careers of Singh and Patel and inspiring the successful Disney movie of the same name. For the original contest, 37,000 participants arrived at the location to try to throw a 90-mile-per-hour fast ball, but none of the young Indian men, most of whom had never heard of baseball, could do it. The first place winner was Rinku Singh, who pitched an 88-mile-per-hour fast ball and won the highest prize of $100,000. Singh and Dinesh Patel, the second place winner, were awarded trips to the United States to try out for Major League Baseball teams.
The Disney movie based on their story stars Suraj Sharma and Madhur Mittal as Singh and Patel as well as Jon Hamm as Bernstein. It's directed by Craig Gillespie, the filmmaker who directed Lars and the Real Girl. Jon Hamm said of Singh and Patel, “The boys are amazing.” He praised their athletic talent, saying that he himself could never hope to qualify for a professional baseball team and that the young Indian men had not even heard of baseball growing up. Jon Hamm also stars as advertising executive Don Draper in the hit AMC series Mad Men.
Since the unlikely pair of Indian baseball stars came to the United States, Singh and Patel have taken separate roads. Rinku Singh continues to play for the Gulf Coast Pirates minor league team, and Dinesh Patel has returned to his native Uttar Pradesh to coach young baseball players who dream of one day playing professionally. In interviews, the two athletes behave quite differently. Singh appears very comfortable and relaxed in front of the camera, while Patel is the more reserved of the two. While Singh speaks fluent English and attends interviews with his American girlfriend, Patel feels more comfortable speaking his native language and prefers being in Uttar Pradesh. The actor who played Patel in Million Dollar Arm, Madhur Mittal, said that Patel missed being in his home country as soon as he arrived in the United States to visit the film set.
The lessons learned from their story show that anyone can succeed with enough determination, even if the chance of success doesn't seem likely. As Singh and Patel explained, they didn't even have dreams growing up in Uttar Pradesh, and yet they have accomplished more than most Americans dream of, despite poverty in their home region. The key to their success is certainly their positive attitudes and humble demeanor, and perhaps this difference is what sets them apart from most people who grew up with all the advantages of living in the United States. Although Singh and Patel are quite humble and respectful, they haven't forgotten to keep a sense of humor. Before filming Million Dollar Arm, they were asked in an interview who they wished to play them in the film, and they both replied “Rambo” without hesitation. With determination, humility, a sense of humor and belief in yourself, the seemingly impossible can be accomplished.
Emotional intelligence is a concept that has been around for a very long time. Throughout today's corporate landscape, emotional intelligence is known as an essential quality for providing effective leadership. In the healthcare industry, emotional intelligence is known as EQ, and has been limited to strictly face to face interactions between patients and caregivers. However, there is much more to this concept.
What is EQ?
There have been many articles written about EQ based on business and social science research. Daniel Goleman has mentioned that EQ is the capacity of individuals to recognize their own emotions and the emotions of other people. EQ also allows people to tell the difference between feelings and appropriately label them and to use their emotional information to influence their thinking and behavior. Patricia Harmon described EQ as the ability to control your emotions in sensing, understanding and responding to social cues in your environment. Psychologists Peter Salovey and John Mayer believe that EQ is the ability to accurately perceive your own and other people's emotions, to understand the different signals that emotions symbolize about relationships, and to manage your emotions. The psychologists feel that EQ is about the capability of an individual to understand the feelings of those around them while responding in the correct manner.
EQ In The Health Care Field
Health care is behind other industries in applying EQ across the large scope of patient care activities. The majority of research has primarily focused on physician-patient interactions that show a direct correlation between low EQ on the part of physicians and increasing rates of error and lawsuits, low patient satisfaction and negative outcomes compared to physicians with a high EQ. Research also shows that there is a positive correlation to physician EQ and job satisfaction. If the physician EQ improves, they are more satisfied with their job and their fatigue decreases. Recently, the MCAT test, which is seen as a guide to medical training, was changed to add a section on physician EQ. This has lead to organizations such as the Cleveland Clinic, Mayo Clinic, and UCSF have placed an added emphasis on the EQ of their staffs.
However, EQ in patient care involves more than just interactions between patients and physicians. In most organizations, areas of EQ impact are not properly addressed. With the health system heading to value-based incentives that depend on team centered methods of care delivery and the use of technologies in care coordination, treatment, and diagnosis. A systemic approach to EQ should be thoughtful. The system requires more than a measurement of patient complaints along with the intervention of difficult physicians.
The EQ Hotspots in Hospital Care
The location where a physician trained for their undergraduate medical education and did their residency is important. Academic programs that do not take their EQ seriously are becoming more popular. These academic programs that limit EQ training to physician personality testing do not address the total impact that low EQ has on patient care.
The relationship between caregivers who work in team based models is intriguing at the moment. Physicians have become inclined to believe that teams are important, as long as they are team captain. Too frequently the input of nutritionists, pharmacists, nurses, and mental health counselors is declining due to the influence of the captain. Often times, patient care is compromised because their input is not important as a result of low EQ.
Every health care organization is based on patient adherence to avoiding financial penalties and adding payments from Medicare, among others. Re-admissions, emergency department visits, purchasing incentives, savings in accountable care organizations, and multiple programs that require health systems to focus on analyzing what patients do. The central figure in most health systems could be health coaches; the high EQ educators and nurses who have been trained to listen to information from patients that help provide windows to their values, abilities, and needs. Different college programs train health coaches to interact both in person and telephonically so that coaching has been optimized. The primary focus is coaching EQ.
The realities of the normal is that a large percentage of the interaction between caregivers and patients will be available through social networks, chat rooms, and television. Learning how to probe under patients' questions, build patient confidence, engage patients as people beyond signs and symptoms queries requires a system of EQ.
Using a System Approach To EQ In HealthCare
An organization that does not take EQ in patient care seriously may be at risk of poor clinical and financial performance. A culture that has low EQ is tolerated because its patient care activity may lead to poor outcomes, avoidable errors, and a lack of patient satisfaction.
Taking EQ in patient care means more than a physician disciplinary effort to eliminate clinicians that are dysfunctional. EQ requires more than checklists that target lapses in care coordination or error detection, as well as protocols. EQ has an impact on every encounter with people and their families who want help. This requires an investment in tools and training to analyze and monitor different EQ activities. Leadership is important because it can address lapses in EQ with regards to patient care. Caring is the most important factor in regards to applying patient care.
Most employees will experience having a tough boss at one time or another, and a good number will start looking for work elsewhere when things become unbearable. Many will opt to stay, however, and those who do need to learn some strategies in dealing with a tough boss.
1. See your boss as a client.
Instead of thinking of your boss as a difficult superior, try thinking of him or her as a client who has to be served. This new perspective will help you focus on the product or service you need to provide and divert your attention from the negative interaction that underlines your work relationship.
2. Understand how your boss's mind works.
If you know how your boss’s mind works, it will be easier for you to create a productive work environment for yourself. Find out what your boss does and why, what he or she considers important, what he or she considers less important or even irrelevant, and what expectations he or she has for each project undertaken.
If you understand how your boss looks at work and how he or she evaluates it, you can begin to synchronize your working style with the way he or she wants things done.
3. Commit to doing your work well.
Take an objective look at your work and see how you can improve it. Factor in what you learn about your boss's expectations and revisit the objectives of each task assigned to you. Find out what standards need to be met. Assess your work load and prioritize so that you are able to meet deadlines.
4. Learn to communicate with the boss.
Learn to decipher what the boss is saying, even if this is expressed in a less than pleasant tone. Ask for clarification when you are not sure what the expected delivery is or how this is to be accomplished. Do this in an affirmative rather than contentious manner. For example, you can tell your boss that you really want to do an excellent job and for a clearer picture, you would appreciate more details or an example.
5. Learn to document your work days.
Keep a journal of tasks assigned to you and how you completed them. Take notes during meetings – this is especially helpful if your boss has the bad habit of changing his or her mind or forgetting previous agreements.
6. Be supportive.
If you can stick to the idea that your boss does want to get things done successfully, it will be easier for you to be a supportive member of the team. Be proactive. Be ready with information needed for meetings, and pitch in whenever you can – for as long as it does not mean neglecting your own assignment.
7. Stick to ethical behavior.
It is easy to be discouraged and to lose interest in your work when you have a tough boss, but this will not help you at all. Stick to doing your work according to the best standards, and resist any tendency to be belligerent, resentful, or indifferent as you accomplish tasks assigned to you. Most of all, do not indulge in whining and gossiping with your co-workers even if they probably have similar issues with your boss.
8. Take good care of yourself.
Taking care of yourself becomes especially important when you are working with a toxic boss. Rest, exercise, and set aside time for relaxation and recreation. Make sure you eat healthy food, and don’t fall for the false comfort of having an extra drink to make things bearable. Instead of the buzz that alcohol can bring, draw on positive thought patterns and what you hope to achieve for yourself in a couple of years or so.
Working for a tough boss is very stressful, but you need to look beyond that one not-so-pleasant individual and focus on improving yourself and your work. In the years ahead that boss will be no more than a memory but you will always have your work record and the skills you learned.
You will never know the capability of your team until it operates at its best psychological safety levels. But what exactly does psychological safety entail?
Psychological safety relates to employees’ wellbeing and is achieved when employees do not run the risk of being mentally harmed out of negligence, recklessness or other deliberately castigated means. Such an environment will also invest in practices that support the growth and flourishing of the workers. Closely related, although quite different, is psychological health, which refers to employees feeling accepted and respected.
Several factors lead to the general acceptance of a state of physiological safety and organizations have a responsibility to achieve the highest levels of psychological safety possible for their own good.
Where employees can tap into their strengths right from the moment they join the organization, they are will put in their best in skills. The opposite of this is an environment where employees are not an accurate reflection of themselves. This leads them to disengage and alienate from just about any task assigned, delaying efforts of team work.
There are several practices that an organization can engage in to promote psychological safety at the workplace.
Focus on promoting teamwork
Essentially, this requires leaders to be inclusive in all aspects. When people feel accepted in a team, they will readily give their input and contribute progressively. This, of course, calls on a leader to engage a high degree of psychology since not all matters in an organization will require everyone’s input. Importantly, they must foster team work.
Create a fear free environment
As a leader, it is easy to sound or look intimidating to the extent that employees are not comfortable to speak about some issues. However, an environment in which employees feel free to speak while observing relevant boundaries, of course, is psychologically healthy.
Dedicate your time to employees’ needs and concerns
With teams to manage and a rather busy schedule, there might be little time to give an ear to the needs of your employees, both work-related and personal. However, it has been demonstrated that organizations that have concern for the well-being of the employee in and out of the workplace promote employee’s confidence in the organization, leading to better performance.
Foster your people’s growth through learning opportunities
By nature, man will want to study more on areas that are of interest to him. The organization must play the role to promote learning opportunities for its workforce. This means being steadfast in organizing workshops, seminars and other relevant gatherings for your teams to learn and grow. Appealing to this part of human psychology promote emotional intelligence and people will be readier and confident to handle given projects.
Google’s Project Aristotle underlines the importance of Psychological safety, observing that team members must feel at ease with risk taking. Key to this is the support from fellow members of the team. It is different from making a situation where people are ridiculed over failed projects. In fact, the unwillingness of team members to share information such as problems in an ongoing project, disagreements within the team and a generally not wanting to speak out their mind could point to a poor psychological safety environment.
Clearly, the tools to enable an organization to achieve the highest levels of psychological safety lie right within the organization. While this is not an entirely new lesson in management, it emphasizes the role of the workforce as a key component to the success of the organization. Agreeably, the elements highlighted relate mostly to the overall appreciation of a worker and the effect this has on the task give. Thus, how the abilities of the workforce are enhanced cultivated and encouraged determines how easy it will be for teams to succeed.
Some people say that it doesn't matter what you read, as long as you read. While that statement may carry truth with it for those who are just starting to build vocabulary, as a generalization overall, it is a specious claim. Newspapers and books are different sources of information, and the antidote for avoiding books is not reading the newspaper.
Building Stronger Vocabulary
For those who are just starting to speak English, the newspaper is a strong source of vocabulary. However, the primary goal of a newspaper is to sell mass quantities to a general audience. As a result, it needs to contain vocabulary words that people understand. Authors of books, while hoping to make money, also tend to genuinely have a love for books and words. Therefore, exposure to stronger vocabulary words tends to stem from books and not from newspapers. Also, when you're browsing through a newspaper, you may not care to look up an unfamiliar word in the dictionary; you'll simply move on to the next article. Glossing over a word in a book could lead to larger misinterpretation.
Understanding Literary Elements
Newspaper writing focuses on bringing you the facts and details about a situation. It is not largely concerned with plot development, characterization, motifs, imagery, symbolism, irony and all of the other elements that breathe life into literature. Not only does reading books help to introduce you to these various concepts, but it also gives you the opportunity to harness their power in your own writing. In a way, reading books is the more didactic approach to obtaining information.
Using Your Imagination
When you sit down to read a newspaper, you don't have to bring as many of your own skills to the table. Depending upon the nature of the article, you may need to bring along background information or an understanding of jargon that is used. However, despite that fact, newspapers rarely require you to use your imagination. Reading a book helps you to develop a firm grasp on the aforementioned literary elements, but it also requires that you bring your own thought to the text. Not only can you envision who the characters are, but you can also develop a deep analysis that brings literature into the realm of the real world.
Establishing a Solid Knowledge Base
While once in awhile a newspaper might use an allusion to generate a laugh or to create a facetious tone, they are generally not concerned with building a strong knowledge base of references. Books, on the other hand, often rely on a greater understanding of culture at large. They also help to develop that culture. Take the Bible for example. This book is constantly referenced not only in other books, but also in movies, television shows, plays, museums and so forth. A person who has never read any elements of this text would have a difficult time understanding references when they appear elsewhere.
Developing a History of the Past
Newspapers are usually concerned with what is happening here and now. Some books are modern, but others take us to times in the past. Simply reading a book that was written hundreds of years ago is an enchanting way to gain a very real connection to the past. Reading this type of literature brings you into the mindset of a person who lived long ago, whether that was in the early 19th century or in ancient times. Newspapers deal with modern writers only. Also, by reading a multitude of books, you will gain a deeper understanding of the past. Reading books helps you to learn about history.
Reading Quality Material
Some newspapers have a strong reputation for producing quality material that represents the truth. Other newspapers are well-known for their gossip or their highly biased material that presents you with skewed facts. While not all books are non-fiction, they can represent a higher quality of material than can these newspapers. For people who are avid readers, or who want to become avid readers, the ability to engage with well-written material of a superior level is necessary. Reading books allows writers to meet some of the greats, such as Shakespeare, Fitzgerald and Faulker.
This information is not to disregard reading newspapers as entirely counterproductive. Reading most information does have some benefits to provide. Yet reading a newspaper does not provide as many benefits as settling down with a book.
The Rosetta Stone is the key used to decipher Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics. Before its study, the ability to interpret Egyptian script was lost to modern scholars. Hieroglyphs were defunct by the fourth century AD, and it was not until the Rosetta Stone was found in the 1800s that the knowledge contained in the ancient symbols could be read again.
The Rosetta Stone was found in 1799 by soldier Pierre-Francois Bouchard when members of Napoleon’s army were digging to lay the foundation for an addition to Napoleon’s fort. They were near the town of el-Rashid, which in French is Rosetta. Immediately, it was recognised what a contribution to the study of Ancient Egyptian the stone would be.
There are three inscriptions in the black granite of the Rosetta Stone. One is in Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic, one is in demotic, and one is in Ancient Greek. All three of the inscriptions have near identical content. These three categories of script were dominant in Egypt at the time the Rosetta Stone was created. Hieroglyphs were the text of the priests, demotic the script used on a day to day basis, and Greek was the language of the rulers of Egypt. The content of the Rosetta Stone is a decree issued by King Ptolemy V.
Because Ancient Greek was not lost to scholars, they were able to read the Greek and then align it with the demotic with which they were also familiar to confirm that the stone was a translation, one passage to the next. After that confirmation, they started matching the Ancient Egyptian to the Ancient Greek and demotic to translate the hieroglyphs. This undertaking was not a process that could be hurried; it was not until 1822 that scholar Jean-Francois Champollion announced that he had successfully matched the scripts. Another contributor, Thomas Young, recognised the similarities between the demotic and the hieroglyphs, notably in the usage of phonetics in each to describe foreign names. Much more time and study was required before academics felt comfortable reading Ancient Egyptian.
The stone is smooth on its front and sides, and it is a fraction of a larger stone. The rest of the Rosetta Stone has not been found. However, other fragmented specimens of the same decree on different stones have been discovered, as well as similar treatments of different decrees, making the Rosetta Stone ultimately un-unique. This does not make it any less special to the study of Ancient Egyptian, though. Without the translations from the stone, it is questionable whether or not knowledge of hieroglyphics would have ever resurfaced. To underscore the important role the stone played, “Rosetta Stone” is now used as a term to indicate any piece of information that plays a key role in helping to understand something in any field of study.
There is some dispute regarding the nationality of the Rosetta Stone. The Rosetta Stone passed hands from French to British with the Treaty of Alexandria in 1801, so there are debates regarding whether or not the Rosetta Stone should belong in France or Britain. The two primary scholars who worked on the translation—Champollion and Young—were French and British respectively, so their nationalities add to the question of the stone’s rightful home. 2003 saw the start of the push for the return of the Rosetta Stone to Egypt.
Despite these debates, the Rosetta Stone has been housed at the British Museum since 1802, excepting when it was relocated to a safer location for the end of the First World War. To this day, it attracts the most traffic at the British Museum.
Speed reading is a skill that most people take for granted. While it is taught in schools, it does not get much attention in research studies beyond media preference studies, which look closely at how a consumer takes in a newspaper or piece of communication like a website, which has a strong visual component. How does the eye move and at what speed? Still, as most schools already know, speed reading can improve one's reading skills and help someone to become more fluent with visual language, advertisement, both print and multi-media, and moving video. Here are a few myths to set straight.
Myth 1: Speed reading will allow for full comprehension. Studies do indicate that speed reading does not give access to information at an in-depth level; however, speed reading does give access to the key message, points, and purpose and audience of the communication. Consumers can quickly access the overall agenda of the communication: What is the piece of writing's key point or message? Why does this communication exist and how does it serve an agenda: what does the advertiser want from me? In this way, speed reading helps to give people a kind of pull--or anchor--for meaning. Speed reading allows for consumers to create a kind of scaffold for meaning.
Myth 2: Speed reading is easier than regular reading. To the contrary, speed reading actually takes practice and skill. Reading the introduction, title, and final paragraph really helps for those who wish to quickly ascertain the purpose of the piece of writing or advertisement. The title, first sentence and final sentence work together, usually, to communicate a main message. Speed reading takes time, effort, practice, and continual use to help the ordinary person to navigate today's world, which is filled with text--not only print or television but also internet or cyber-based.
Myth 3: Speed reading is something that can replace regular reading. Regular reading takes more time and effort because the consumer needs to have the process accumulate meaning as the meaning of the sentences add up, like snow. Unlike snow, the information is not layered in a simplistic lateral way but rather tends to inform meaning in a more three-dimensional way, with ties to associations being something that the brain may process and store on the subliminal level. Regular reading processes differ from person to person; some tend to take notes or use a highlighter pen. Others might annotate the text in order to have notes in the margin. Whatever the process, it is more individualized and is a different process than speed reading, which is a great habit to get into. Scanning text saves time, keeps the mind sharp, and keeps the ordinary person thinking critically, all really vital to being successful, productive, and actualized as individuals in today's contemporary society.
Being stressed at work can take its toll on nearly every other element of your life. Not only will you be less productive and enjoy working much less, you will also have emotional and physical effects on your life outside of work as well. It is important that as you go to work on a daily basis that you do your best to handle your stress in the best way possible. Learning ways to manage your stress is not to say that you will rid of it altogether; however, if you can manage it, you will certainly be more productive. Here are some causes of stress that you can look out for, as well as some ways to relieve stress when you encounter it at work.
Causes of Stress
When employees feel like they are being worked too much or too often in the workplace, the effects can be damaging. For some, it may feel as if they have too much to accomplish as it is. Therefore, when their boss drop off another load of assignments on their desk for completion by 9 a.m. tomorrow, these employees stress levels can accelerate sharply. If you feel particularly strained or stressed in the workplace, you might want to consider work overload as the possible culprit.
Poor Working Conditions
For those who like the conditions they are working in, it is more likely that they will enjoy the time they spend at work and be more willing to be there more often. However, in poor working conditions, even the littlest things can set someone off and lead to stress build up. Although people may not have the ability to change their entire working environment, consider what changes can be made to the personal workspace and how it can become a more enjoyable work setting.
When you feel as if you work all of the time and never receive any gratitude, it can be hard to continue putting in the same amount of effort on a regular basis. Instead, you may begin to wonder why you put in the effort you do, especially if no one ever notices. Once this feeling of concern for the company is gone, it can be incredibly difficult to remain motivated or avoid feeling stressed.
Whether it is a boss, coworker, or anyone an employee interacts with on a daily basis with, if workers do not like the relationships they have at work, it can make for increasingly long, stressful days. For the most part, you can hope to avoid people. However, if you are on edge each time you leave your desk to get food or go to a meeting, this type of anxiety may stem from poor work relationships.
Issues Within The Company
If you feel like your company is not progressing or like you do not have much in the way of job security, such sentiment can also lead to stress in your life. After all, most people work hard at their job and hope to be there for a long time. But if they feel like they might be fired at any given moment, they will continually be on edge and fearful of losing their job.
Some symptoms to keep in mind for stress at work include increased blood pressure, concentration of cholesterol, an increase in heart rate or simply picking up smoking or other atypical behaviors. Keep an eye out for all of these symptoms to find out if your stressful state may be affecting you more than you thought.
Ways To Relieve Stress
Stay Focused On Your Schedule
Each day when going to work, you should aim to have a schedule that you will follow throughout the day. Make sure that you have plenty of time to accomplish what you need for work, but do not forget to fit in time for lunch or a quick workout at the gym. If you have an idea of how your day is supposed to line up, then you will feel less stressed from not having to wonder if you have enough time to complete certain tasks.
Get Plenty of Food and Rest
Your stress levels at work may start before you even get to the office. If you are not getting enough sleep or if your diet is unbalanced, this could have lasting effects on you throughout the day. Make sure that you get the recommend amount of sleep at night and eat proper food because doing so will give you the energy and motivation to finish the day in a happy manner.
If you know what increases your stress, then you will likely have the ability to calm yourself down more quickly. You do not have to go around the office sharing your stressors with your coworkers. But by knowing what your stress triggers are, you can learn to tell when something is going to affect you and how to deal with it quickly.
Separate Work from Personal Time
If you fail to separate work from personal time, you may never feel like you are truly off the clock. This continual pattern of work can add up and have you wondering where the time is going. To avoid this, make sure you set your personal time away from your professional time. Enjoy your time off and do things that take your mind off work. After all, your tasks will still be on your desk when you get back.
Stress at work happens to everyone. However, by being able to recognize when it is happening you to you, you can avoid some of the major issues that stress often sets in motion. Consider the tips here for recognizing stress and relieving it before it becomes a major issue.
Dr Sajed Al Abdali